Everybody wants to know about their body types, their basic nature or constitution, the status of Tridosa (Vata, Pitta or Kapha), Saptadhatu and Ojas in their bodies. How to maintain tridosa in a state of equilibrium and the many ways of increasing saptadhatu and ojas.
When we consult an Ayurvedic physician, they usually correlate our ailments with an increase in one or more of the three dosas - Vata, Pitta or Kapha. That is why it is important to learn about these terms to know more about our individual characteristics and inclinations.
Tridosa is comprised of two words: 'tri+dosa'. Here 'tri' means a group of three basic elements (biological energy forces) viz., Vata, Pitta and Kapha' and 'dosa' means 'which is capable of vitiation.' When Vata, Pitta and Kapha are vitiated they produce disease and when they are in equilibrium, or in their natural state, they maintain a perfect balance of harmony between the body and saptadhatus (seven fundamental tissues) thereby upholding and maintaining the body. Hence, here dosa does not have an ordinary, literal meaning. Tridosa does not mean an impaired or vitiated condition of Vata, Pitta and Kapha. Instead it is a well defined theory of upholding the body and its physiology by means of three biological energy pillars. This is the principle of tridosa. Similarly, the three mental qualities (sattva, rajas and tamas), in a state of equilibrium, are called mula prakrti (the basic nature) of the body is in the form of three biological energy pillars (Vata, Pitta and Kapha) that maintain and uphold the body constituting Tridosa. The three dosas are considered to be the pillars or mainstay of the body, responsible for its creation, preservation and destruction.